Is it okay for Christians to play the lottery?
Lotteries raise a host of questions for believers: Is it okay to buy a lottery ticket if you plan to tithe part of your winnings? Should Christians ever put their trust in anything decided by chance? Is it okay to play bingo if it's sponsored by a church?
Christians have historically been wary of letting "fate" decide their future. God is in charge, and what he arranges is more properly called providence. But placing a challenge before him is presumptuous and falls under the heading, "You shall not tempt the Lord your God" (Matt. 4:7). Playing the lottery places hope in "fate" to give us something-for-nothing, and seems a second cousin to worldly superstition.
Yet there are several examples in Scripture where believers used random means to discern God's will. Gideon placed a fleece out of doors to gauge God's approval (Judg. 6:36-40), and the apostles cast lots to identify Judas's replacement (Acts 1:21-26). So, that's not what's troubling about lotteries. Nor is it the mere engagement in a game of chance; Candyland and Scrabble are games of chance. Neither of these things are inherently dishonoring to Christ.
One of the dangers in lotteries, however, is their disruption of the natural cycle of labor and reward. "If anyone will not work, let him not eat" (2 Thess. 3:10) is not a hard-hearted punishment but a description of how life operates.
Most people don't look at lottery games as a fun way to pass time and win a buck, as the festive TV and radio ads would have us believe. Instead, they see it as a practical way to pay off their debts, send their kids to college, and retire early. That's not good.1